Climate action plan: India to reduce emissions by 35 per cent
emissions
NEW DELHI, October 2, 2015: India proposes to reduce emissions intensity (ratio of green houses gases produced to gross domestic product) by 33 to 35 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030.

India pledged to improve emissions intensity in its ‘Intended Nationally Determined Contribution’ submitted to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change ahead of the UN Conference of Parties on Climate Change scheduled in December 2015 in Paris.

It has also pledged to increase the share of non-fossil fuels-based electricity to 40 per cent by 2030. Further, it agreed to enhance its forest cover which will absorb 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2, the main gas responsible for global warming) by 2030.
 
India has accepted the huge impact that climate change is exerting and will exert on different sectors of its economy and has agreed to enhance investments to adapt in vulnerable sectors like agriculture, water resources, coastal regions, health and disaster management.
 
It reiterated the need for international finance and technology support to meet its climate goals. In this regard, it has said it would require at least USD2.5 trillion (at 2014-15 prices) to meet its climate change actions between now and 2030.
 
“India’s INDC is fair and is quite ambitious, specifically on renewable energy and forestry,” says Sunita Narain, director general, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), New Delhi.
 
India’s emissions intensity targets are similar to that of China’s. In 2030, both the countries will have almost same emissions intensity levels – 0.12 million tonnes of CO2 per billion USD (in 2005 USD). This means that both these countries will emit about 1,20,000 tonnes of CO2 for every 1 billion USD of GDP.
 
“From all angles, India’s INDC is as good as China’s and better than the US’s considering that both these countries have higher emissions than India and are economically more capable of reducing their emissions and mitigating climate change,” says Chandra Bhushan, , deputy director general of CSE .


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